PoS tags in the Lancaster interface of the BNC (CLAWS 5)

AJ0 Adjective (general or positive) (e.g. good, old, beautiful)

AJC Comparative adjective (e.g. better, older)

AJS Superlative adjective (e.g. best, oldest)

AT0 Article (e.g. the, a, an, no)

AV0 General adverb: an adverb not subclassified as AVP or AVQ (see below) (e.g. often, well, longer (adv.), furthest)

AVP Adverb particle (e.g. up, off, out)

AVQ Wh-adverb (e.g. when, where, how, why, wherever)

CJC Coordinating conjunction (e.g. and, or, but)

CJS Subordinating conjunction (e.g. although, when)

CJT The subordinating conjunction that

CRD Cardinal number (e.g. one, 3, fifty-five, 3609)

DPS Possessive determiner-pronoun (e.g. your, their, his)

DT0 General determiner-pronoun: i.e. a determiner-pronoun which is not a DTQ or an AT0.

DTQ Wh-determiner-pronoun (e.g. which, what, whose, whichever)

EX0 Existential there, i.e. there occurring in the there is… or there are… construction

ITJ Interjection or other isolate (e.g. oh, yes, mhm, wow)

NN0 Common noun, neutral for number (e.g. aircraft, data, committee)

NN1 Singular common noun (e.g. pencil, goose, time, revelation)

NN2 Plural common noun (e.g. pencils, geese, times, revelations)

NP0 Proper noun (e.g. London, Michael, Mars, IBM)

ORD Ordinal numeral (e.g. first, sixth, 77th, last) .

PNI Indefinite pronoun (e.g. none, everything, one (as pronoun), nobody)

PNP Personal pronoun (e.g. I, you, them, ours)

PNQ Wh-pronoun (e.g. who, whoever, whom)

PNX Reflexive pronoun (e.g. myself, yourself, itself, ourselves)

POS The possessive or genitive marker ‘s or ‘

PRF The preposition of

PRP Preposition (except of) (e.g. about, at, in, on, with)

PUL Punctuation: left bracket, i.e. ( or [

PUN Punctuation: general separating mark ( . , ! : ; – and ?)

PUQ Punctuation: quotation mark (‘ and “)

PUR Punctuation: right bracket, i.e. ) or ]

TO0 Infinitive marker to

UNC Unclassified items which are not appropriately considered as items of the English lexicon.

VBB The present tense forms of the verb BE (except for is and ‘s), i.e. am, are, ‘m, ‘re and be (subjunctive or imperative)

VBD The past tense forms of the verb BE: was and were

VBG The -ing form of the verb BE: being

VBI The infinitive form of the verb BE: be

VBN The past participle form of the verb BE: been

VBZ The -s form of the verb BE: is, ‘s

VDB The finite base form of the verb DO: do

VDD The past tense form of the verb DO: did

VDG The -ing form of the verb DO: doing

VDI The infinitive form of the verb DO: do

VDN The past participle form of the verb DO: done

VDZ The -s form of the verb DO: does, ‘s

VHB The finite base form of the verb HAVE: have, ‘ve

VHD The past tense form of the verb HAVE: had, ‘d

VHG The -ing form of the verb HAVE: having

VHI The infinitive form of the verb HAVE: have

VHN The past participle form of the verb HAVE: had

VHZ The -s form of the verb HAVE: has, ‘s

VM0 Modal auxiliary verb (e.g. will, would, can, could, ‘ll, ‘d)

VVB The finite base form of lexical verbs, comprising the indicative, imperative and present subjunctive (e.g. forget, send, live, return)

VVD The past tense form of lexical verbs (e.g. forgot, sent, lived, returned)

VVG The -ing form of lexical verbs (e.g. forgetting, sending, living, returning)

VVI The infinitive form of lexical verbs (e.g. forget, send, live, return)

VVN The past participle form of lexical verbs (e.g. forgotten, sent, lived, returned)

VVZ The -s form of lexical verbs (e.g. forgets, sends, lives, returns)

XX0 The negative particle not or n’t

ZZ0 Alphabetical symbols (e.g. A, a, B, b, c, d)